Where is celebrated in the solar month of Magh, Basant is celebrated in the corresponding lunar month of Magh. Both these festivals are seasonal with Maghi being celebrated before Basant.
Basant Panchami actually falls in the last Shishir (cool) ritu. However, the festival is widely believed to be the start of the spring season. There is no explanation as to why Basant is seen as the start of the spring season. One can only suggest that Basant Panchami marks the end of the Sharad (winter) ritu and prepares people for the imminent arrival of the Vasant (spring) ritu by celebrating Basant during the Shishir (cool) season. An alternative explanation could be that in ancient India, the Vasant ritu occurred in the months of Magha and Phagan (January and February) hence why Basant Panchami is celebrated when it is.
The other traditions are common to other regions celebrating Basant: it is traditional for people to wear yellow. It is also customary to eat rice coloured with saffron. Other sweet dishes include gajjar da halwa and laddo. People decorate their houses with yellow flowers too. These traditions can also be observed in Uttarkashi where Basant is a farmers festival. People pluck yellow flowers and decorate the main doors of the house with it welcoming the spring and the new sowing season.
Mustard is planted in September to February during which time the seeds flower and the crop is harvested in March to May. Basant Panchami takes place towards the end of the flowering season and is therefore regarded as a festival related to mustard in the .
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